Studies and Articles
Texas Textbook Adoption Subjects: Supporting Studies

Pending Proclamation Subjects

Math — Proclamation 2004

Technology Integration

By Thomas Fuchs and Ludger Wößmann, Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich

Past Proclamation Subjects

English as a Second Language (ESL)
Fine Arts
Foreign Language
Technology Applications
Career and Technology

Career & Technology

Click here for a list of current Career & Technology subject reading materials.

The Career & Technology Education Program (CATE), a Texas Education Agency program, is dedicated to promoting and supporting Career and Technology programs in Texas public schools.

Career & Technology FAQs, Updated 2004

Agriculture Science and Technology Materials for 2001

TEA's Career & Technology Educators Group, 2001 Some kids go to college. All kids go to work. Read how Career & Technology prepares them for both.

You can also visit the Association for Career and Technical Education - a major organization supporting career and technical education.

Jeff Clark, NFIB/Texas State Executive Director, February 2003
Texas Schools Shortchange Non-College-Bound Students

Imperial Valley Press, April 24, 2004
Auto Shop Gets Tech Savvy

Technology & Learning, January 1, 2004
School to Career: Reworking the Model


ESL: The current adoption includes new instructional materials for ESL (English as a Second Language) programs is for grades 1-8. The Texas Legislature in 2003 funded grades 3-5, but deferred funding for grades K-2 and 6-8 until the 2005 session. Below are articles supporting the benefits of instruction moving from a foreign language into English.

TEA Instructional Resources

Texas Administrative Code (TAC), Title 19, Part II, Chapter 128. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Spanish Language Arts and English as a Second Language

English as a Second Language Programs, Fall 2004

ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, January, 1997
Why Bilingual Education?

Fine Arts
TEA, 2004
Texas Administrative Code (TAC), Title 19, Part II, Chapter 117. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Fine Arts

The arts education partnership, and The President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities, 1982
Champions of Change: The impact of the arts on learning

ASCD, the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2001
Arts with the Brain in Mind. Explains what some feel to be the most important reason to include arts in schooling: brain development. Using the latest research on the brain and learning, this book presents the definitive case for making the arts a core part of the curriculum.

Arts Education Partnership with support from the US Department of Education and the National Endowment for the Arts
Critical Links: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development Summarizes and discusses 62 research studies that examine the effects of arts learning on students' social and academic skills.

Music Makes the Difference: Music, Brain Development, and Learning, 2000
Provides important reference materials that can be used in efforts to maintain quality music programs and promote music education. Features recent discussions and studies documenting the value of music education, including essays that have appeared in well-known education periodicals and research journals.

From Critical Thinking: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development, by Arts Education Partnership. Copyright (c) 2002 Arts Education Partnership

See the MENC Website for additional facts and figures regarding the impact of music on a child's education.

Southwestern Musician, December, 2004
Top Ten Questions about Proclamation 2002

Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, J. Paul Getty Trust and The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, January 12-14, 2000
Learning and the Arts: Crossing Boundaries

Foreign Languages

General Accounting Office, February 2001
Public Education: Meeting the Needs of Students With Limited English Proficiency

For an excellent online resource guide for studies, books, monographs on the benefits of Early Language Learning click on this link to The Center for Applied Linguistics Website

Below are some research sites that are helpful in understanding the research on foreign languages in schools:

National Foreign Language Resource Center

Foreign Languages and Reading: Research Excerpts (Yale)

Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (University of Minnesota), Current Studies in Foreign Languages and ESL

National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs

Texas-specific information - National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)

Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence (CREDE) at University of California-Santa Cruz: Links to Research on Language Learning and Academic Achievement

Education Commission of the States: ELL and Bilingual Selected Research

Action for Healthy Kids, Updated 2004
Action for Healthy Kids - Texas state profile

Texas Administrative Code (TAC), Title 19, Part II, Chapter 115. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Health Education

Texas Administrative Code (TAC), Title 19, Part II, Chapter 116. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Physical Education

U.S. Department of Education, September, 28. 2004
Federal Education Grants Aimed at Making Children Healthier,
Decreasing Childhood Obesity

Education for Life, August 13, 2004
Healthy Learning Environments - Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Associated Press, May 28, 2004
STUDY: Texas kids among the nation's most overweight

The epidemic of obesity among school children and youth in the United States threatens to obscure the goal all state education policymakers. As this article in the December 2004 issue of the Standard, a publication of the National Association of School Boards, clearly shows that the statistics demonstrating the extent of childhood obesity are overwhelming. And, because children model the behavior of their parents, the escalating obesity rate among adults looms as another indicator that the number of children who are obese will continue to increase. Without comprehensive intervention and education, the problem is destined to deteriorate further. The harms associated with obesity are physical, social and emotional. The social and emotional problems often impede classroom adjustment and performance. Changing the way students eat and exercise is not an easy task, but there are policy levers available.

San Antonio Express-News, September 23, 2004
Bienestar good for all kids; Even healthy children benefit from good eating habits and regular physical activity.

Technology Applications
The funding for Technology Applications instructional materials was postponed by the Texas Legislature in the 78th session in 2003. The 79th Legislature, in session the spring of 2005, will revisit the deferment of funds with materials slated to go into the classroom in the 2005-06 school year. For the first time in Texas history, the State Board of Education issued a call for subscription-based instructional materials in order to incorporate instruction on critical technology applications skills so that all students and teachers at the K-8 level would have the resources they need to gain digital technology knowledge and skills, which can also be used to improve learning in English language arts/reading, mathematics, science, and social studies. The majority of the materials adopted by the board for grades K-12 have electronic components, including online and/or CD-ROM lessons and activities.

Providing these technology applications instructional materials for schools will help schools meet the technology literacy requirements for students and teachers in the No Child Left Behind Act (Title II, Part D), and give students and teachers the instructional materials that they need to improve all learning in the classroom.

Backgrounder on Technology Applications

TEA Instructional Resources

Chapter 126. Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Technology Applications